With all of the improvements in modern vehicles as they become more and more connected, all systems from safety to entertainment, are controlled by computers. In fact, today’s cars rely on about 100 million lines of code to get them moving. This has raised concerns about automotive cybersecurity. The lines between transportation and software are blurred now.
62% of automotive manufacturers think that it’s likely that malicious attacks will occur in their software or components in the next year. This shows that security is not keeping pace with innovations in the automotive industry. All that leads to a range of security issues in connected vehicles.
They might be even more vulnerable than other connected devices, such as smartphones or computers. There have been a number of high-profile incidents in which hackers took control over IoT devices. The complexity of the automotive software opens up new opportunities for malware to take over.
What’s more, 30% of the respondents in the survey we mentioned above don’t even have an established cybersecurity program or team to work on their products. If all this sounds concerning to you keep on reading to find out more about in-vehicle infotainment cybersecurity in 2019.
The risks that come with connected vehicle security are constantly growing. It reached the stage when the FBI has issued an official warning. Governments around the world consider new cybersecurity standards for autonomous cars of paramount importance.
This made original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) realize that all those regulators will want them to provide security answers. For that reason they’ve started looking for help by cybersecurity experts.
Specialized security companies now work with OEMs address these concerns. They examine ECU for any anomalous activity and do overall monitoring on the network. Using their services seems to be the best choice for OEMs at the moment.
A number of government organizations, such as NHTSA, now watch for cybersecurity and privacy issues in connected vehicles as well.
Increased Zero-Day Attacks
The number of reported hacker attacks on connected vehicles multiplies every year. Of course, that’s mainly because today there are more of them on the roads than ever. However, that way they are becoming a bigger target, which draws the attention of hackers.
The list of attacks that hackers could undertake on connected vehicles is rather long. It goes from stealing personal data from the infotainment system to taking the whole vehicle itself.
No security measure can deploy quickly enough to deal with the growing number of threats. Actually, most of the vulnerabilities remain unknown until an attack happens – these are the zero-day attacks. As with any other technology, as connected vehicle software gets more sophisticated, new types of attacks will constantly occur.
On-Board Intrusion Detection
There are several ways that hackers can gain control of a network and the devices connected to it. That’s true for connected vehicles and their internal networks as well. Some of the traditional cyber threats are still growing with new variations discovered every day.
We mentioned the zero-day attacks. With connected vehicles, they could sometimes be life-threatening. The only way to avoid them is to prevent them from occurring in the first place. To complete this task, OEMs are now using intrusion detection and prevention systems, which are built into the vehicle.
These systems examine the vehicle’s activity and when something doesn’t match its profiles, they send out alerts that the system is compromised. This technology could warn the driver or fleet operator or even sometimes prevent the attack itself. These on-board intrusion detection systems are expected in most of the connected vehicles manufactured in 2019 and beyond.
Security Operations Centers
The growing number of security alerts could be hard to manage. But don’t worry, Security Operations Centers (SOCs) are here to take care of that. They make sure that all alerts are analyzed and handled in the right way.
There are SOCs currently operating and as connected vehicles are getting more and with a higher level of autonomy, more will be built. On-board detection that indicates potential intrusion, require complex algorithms. However, technical and cost limitations make them impossible to reside in most vehicles.
For that reason, in order to be fully effective, SOCs will need an advanced anomaly detection technology for analyzing vehicle’s data and detect intrusions over the network.
Connected, More Secure Vehicles
Cybersecurity is the main concern in the era of digital transformation. However, not only hackers are making progress with their work. OEMs constantly look for new ways and technologies to secure connected vehicles. Today it’s not as simple to steal a modern car from the parking lot as it was a couple of years ago. Even if you do manage it, they’ll track it down in no time at all.
2019 is the year that brought solutions to the security concerns surrounding connected vehicles. Nevertheless, there’s still a considerable amount of work to be done in this sphere. Organizations need to work together, with one goal: safer, connected vehicles. Achieving this will be a step forward to fully autonomous cars.