As self-driving cars tend to become more of a conceptual reality rather than an idea, the question of how they’ll interact with other vehicles becomes more and more pressing. As such, we can see a new concept taking shape: the Internet of Vehicles (IoV).
Comprising a system that intends to enable vehicle-to-vehicle communications, as well as further insights into human-driven connected cars on the road, the IoV is bound to impact the overall automotive development.
Hence, we’d like to dive deeper and identify some of the potential technologies and the impact that they are most likely to have on the matter.
First things first, having different vehicles communicating with each other, as well as with their surroundings is critical for safety.
Fortunately, automotive development solutions have long been in the making and it’s probably to expect two particular interactions to be in the core of the work.
- Road-to-Vehicle Communications
It’s entirely reasonable to expect that driverless cars will become more reliant on indestructible road sensors which are embedded in the road itself. They’d be turned on throughout the construction, maintenance or even in emergency scenarios, causing each vehicle to reduce its speed or even halt it if there’s danger ahead.
More importantly, these communicative infrastructures are probably going to include parking information, weather reports, traffic signal control systems, and so forth.
- Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications
With the advent of the Internet and, respectively, the Internet of Things, we can expect proper and real-time communication with our cars. This could easily be the difference between life and death in certain situations.
For example, in the event of an accident, IoV-powered technology could automatically send the information to emergency services, saving precious time which could easily prevent fatalities.
The number of sensors and computers already put in place in vehicles could come as a bit of a shock to the regular consumer. It’s not unprecedented for modern vehicles to boast a complex network consisting of upwards of 100 independent computers or electronic control units (ECUs).
These ECUs rely on heavy lines of codes which is especially true for luxury vehicles. When these vehicles become outfitted for full self-driving capability, these numbers are likely to increase.
Hence, the necessity for elevated computing power will present itself, posing challenges that automotive developers are already facing.
Internet of Vehicle-based technologies could introduce a variety of benefits, including but not limited to the average hours the commuters spend behind the wheel, reducing collisions, and so forth.
But instead of being single-worded, it’s perhaps better to provide particularity with an existing platform. FPT’s aka minds’ IoV platform, for instance, consists of an IoV gateway and a Digital Automotive Intelligent Platform (DAIP) for automobiles to easily connect to the Internet.
DAIP provides all of the common solutions for a broad range of vehicles. These include:
- Fleet Management
- Journey Planning and Optimization
- Route Suggestion
- Live Monitoring
- User/Vehicle/Device Management
In any case, while deriving its main concepts from the Internet of Things, the Internet of Vehicles particulates them and specifies them within a certain field – the automotive industry.